In November of 2008, the Border Network for Human Rights, the Border Action Network, and the U.S.-Mexico Border and Immigration Task Force published recommendations for policy along the US-Mexico border.  The Task Force’s recommendations included: [17]

(1)    Enforce community security through focusing on dangerous criminals, traffickers, and exploiters rather than non-threatening immigrants;

(2)    Implement policies that require agencies to be accountable to the communities in which they operate and improve procedures by offering better human rights training to officers, strengthening complaint procedures, and decreasing racial profiling;

(3)    Overhaul complaint and oversight procedures;

(4)    Halt the construction of the border wall, which is both not cost effective and ineffective at keeping individuals from crossing the border;

(5)    Refrain from using federal and state laws and resources to pressure local agencies into immigration-enforcement roles;

(6)    Not using the military to enforce civilian law.

In 2012, the Woodrow Wilson center compiled recommendations for strengthening US-Mexico border relations, which focused on the political and economic ties between the two countries. The recommendations included:[18]

(1)    Create a Joint North American Production and Export Platform by negotiating trade agreements as a bloc and make border crossings more efficient;

(2)    Support Mexico’s judicial reform, by training public officials and targeting organized crime;

(3)    Improve the American immigration system by focusing on the visa system;

(4)    Promote regional economic integration;

(5)    Develop an education exchange that increases Mexico’s access to graduate education;

(6)    Focus on energy cooperation in North America;

(7)    Employ risk-management techniques at border ports;

On February 20, 2013, Ray Walsler, Ph.D. and Jessica Zuckerman wrote an issue brief for the Heritage Foundation, in which they suggested policy reforms regarding the U.S.-Mexico border enforcement program.  Their policy suggestions included [19]:

  • That the Obama Administration and Congress should develop a broad plan for U.S.-Mexican relations, which coordinates law enforcement, judicial, and military assets so that transnational criminal organizations, gangs, human traffickers, and terrorists may be targeted.
  • The Obama Administration and Congress should increase public-private partnerships to develop smarter border infrastructure and enhance deployment key technologies to aid the Border Patrol in enforcing the border.
  • That the U.S. should foster U.S.-Mexico security and immigration accords through specific agreements, protocols, and laws that strengthen the relationship between the two governments in order to regularize and expedite legal movements across the border and increase cross-border disincentives to illegal activities.

 


[3]  See note 1, FIRRP.

[4]Border Enforcement and Short Term Detention,” Detention Watch Network.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Journey of an Immigrant, A Delegation produced by education partners Austin Tan Cerca de la Frontera and Women on the Border (WOB) which included a tour of the South Texas Detention Center at Pearsall, Texas (vicinity of San Antonio),  May 16, 2014.  Thirteen delegates included U.S. citizens young and old, three university professors, several university students,  activists Quakers, retired persons and a foreign graduate student from Spain.  In a heavily guarded 90 minutes experience they were granted access to meet and interview a number of detainees who had signed up to meet with the visitors.  A regular statement of the detainees about what it had been like when they were caught by the Border Patrol was their being placed in rooms they referred to as “ice lockers.”  The air conditioning is kept at extremely cold levels, detainees are deprived of warm clothing and are fed one sandwich per day.  See Reflection on the Voices of an immigration Detainee by Elvia Arriola (Aug. 2014).

[8] Ibid, Delegate Reports, Tour of South Texas Detention Center (Pearsall/San Antonio), May 16, 2014.

[10]  Eliminacion de las Cuotas de Camas (“Eliminate the Detention Bed Quota.” National Immigrant Justice Center. Spring 2014.

[11] Eliminacion de las Cuotas de Camas (Eliminating Bed Quotas), National Immigrant Justice Center.

[12] Ibid.

[13] Mahwish Khan, “Criticism of the Obama Administration’s Secure Communities Deportation Program Has Hit New High.” America’s Voice, August 16, 2011.

[14] Ibid.

[15] Ibid.