What is the ILO and How Does it Work? (An answer from Global Investment Watch)
The Maquiladoras and the Global Economy
Women who work in the maquiladoras are not just employees of transnational companies based in the U.S. They are global citizens and workers in global factories. As such they have internationally recognized rights in the workplace to decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity and human dignity. Such principles are affirmed in the Preamble to the Constitution of the International Labor Organization (ILO), the organization responsible for drafting international labor standards:
Preamble to the ILO Constitution of 1919:
Whereas universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice;
And whereas conditions of labour exist involving such injustice hardship and privation to large numbers of people as to produce unrest so great that the peace and harmony of the world are imperilled; and an improvement of those conditions is urgently required; as, for example, by the regulation of the hours of work including the establishment of a maximum working day and week, the regulation of the labour supply, the prevention of unemployment, the provision of an adequate living wage, the protection of the worker against sickness, disease and injury arising out of his employment, the protection of children, young persons and women, provision for old age and injury, protection of the interests of workers when employed in countries other than their own, recognition of the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value, recognition of the principle of freedom of association, the organization of vocational and technical education and other measures;
Whereas also the failure of any nation to adopt humane conditions of labour is an obstacle in the way of other nations which desire to improve the conditions in their own countries;
The High Contracting Parties, moved by sentiments of justice and humanity as well as by the desire to secure the permanent peace of the world, and with a view to attaining the objectives set forth in this Preamble, agree to the following Constitution of the International Labour Organization. . .
The ILO and the Global Economy in the 21st Century
In 2008 the ILO addressed the issues of globalization by unanimously adopting the Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization.