WOMEN AND GLOBALIZATION

GENDER, GLOBALIZATION AND THE WOMEN OF THE MAQUILADORAS: BEFORE AND AFTER NAFTA

Women, especially poor women, continue to play a significant role in the maquiladoras governed by NAFTA, and now NAFTA 2.0 (USMCA) at the Mexican border.

 American companies have been relocating to Mexico since 1965, and with the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement or NAFTA, cross-border trade and the relocation of American factories to the border created thousands of new jobs but didn’t necessarily bring about living wages or clean and safe environments. If anything, the working classes experienced sex discrimination, harassment, wage theft, toxicity, pollution and chronic health problems due to lack of safety or regulation in their workplaces.

The Comité Fronterizo de Obreras (CFO), wrote in their 1999 report Six Years Under–  NAFTA, free trade had failed them.  Under NAFTA, wages and working conditions for maquiladora workers had gone from bad to worse.

Will NAFTA 2.0 make things better?

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CONNECTING THE DOTS – HOW GLOBAL TRADE AND IMMIGRATION INTERSECT


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