GENDER, GLOBALIZATION AND THE WOMEN OF THE MAQUILADORAS: BEFORE AND AFTER NAFTA
Women, especially poor women, continue to play a significant role in the maquiladoras governed by NAFTA, and now NAFTA 2.0 (USMCA) at the Mexican border.
American companies have been relocating to Mexico since 1965, and with the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement or NAFTA, cross-border trade has expanded with new factories being built and jobs created. However, fewer rights for workers at the Mexican border have been guaranteed.
The Comité Fronterizo de Obreras (CFO), wrote in their 1999 report Six Years Under– NAFTA, free trade had failed them. Under NAFTA, wages and working conditions for maquiladora workers had gone from bad to worse.
We shall see whether the changes under the Trump version of NAFTA 2.0 whether there will be improvements in the lives of women in the maquiladoras.